The Dutch establish a colony, which later became Albany, on the upper Hudson in 1624

As noted in other posts, Henry Hudson sailed up the Hudson river in 1609 looking for the Northeast Passage, and Peter Minuit Established the New Amsterdam Colony after that. But, Dutch colonists established other colonies father up the river from New Amsterdam including Fort Orange in 1624, which is the present day Albany.  By 1629, the Dutch West India Company had established a full fledged trading post there.  Later, in 1652, New Netherlands Governor Pieter Stuyvesant changed the name of the fort to Beverwyck. The settlement acquired its current name after the Dutch surrendered the entire colony to the British. King Charles II then granted the territory to his brother the Duke of York and Albany, and the future James II.

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