Fort Ligonier was a new fortification, approximately 50 miles from Fort Duquesne. Originally known as the Post at Loyalhanna until December 1758 when it was formally named Fort Ligonier for Field Marshall John Ligonier. Construction was overseen by Engineer Charles Rohr. Colonel James Burd and engineer Thomas Bassett took over Rohr’s duties after he was  … Read more

Fort Bedford was built during the French and Indian War and is located at the present site of Bedford, Pennsylvania. It was constructed by British troops under the command of Colonel Henry Bouquet by order of General John Forbes. The fort was one of a string of British forts and blockhouses designed to protect British  … Read more

Fort Loudoun (Not to be confused with forts of the same name in Virginia and Tennessee, also built in1756) was built as part of a chain of frontier forts ordered by Pennsylvania General Assembly from the Blue Mountains in Easton, Pennsylvania, to Franklin County, Pennsylvania. The forts were needed to protect settlers from Indian raids  … Read more

This Expedition, also known as the Armstrong Expedition or the Battle of Kittanning, was a raid during the French and Indian War that led to the destruction of the American Indian village of Kittanning, which had served as a staging point for attacks by Delaware (Lenape) warriors against colonists in Pennsylvania. Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel  … Read more

Fort Halifax was one of four forts built along the Susquehanna River in North Central Pennsylvania to provide safe shelter for pack trains passing from Fort Hunter (now in Harrisburg) to Fort Augusta (now in Sunbury.) during the French and Indian War. The fort was erected by Col. William Clapham, with the order of Governor  … Read more

Fort Augusta was built in 1756 by Col William Clapham was the main stronghold of the English in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, in the upper Susquehanna Valley, at the junction of the East and West branches of the Susquehanna River at a site now within the limits of the city of Sunbury. The site had been  … Read more

The 60th Royal American Regiment of Foot was originally raised as a four battalion British infantry regiment in 1755-56 to meet the needs of forest warfare in North American at the onset of the French and Indian War. The regiment was intended to combine the characteristics of men adept at forest fighting with those of  … Read more

Fort Hunter was one in a series of small forts the British built from Harris Ferry (Harrisburg) to Fort Augusta in Sunbury, to help counter the mounting threat American Indian attacks during the French and Indian War. Six miles north of Harris Ferry, it was ideally situated on a bluff at a bend in the  … Read more

The Battle of Monongahela, in which British General Braddock was defeated, was an attempt to retake Fort Duquesne. The Braddock expedition, also called Braddock’s campaign or (more commonly) Braddock’s Defeat, was a failed British military expedition which attempted to capture the French Fort Duquesne (now Downtown Pittsburgh). Because of the speed with which the French  … Read more

Fort Necessity was built by Virginia Militia Lt. Col George Washington to protect his party from the anticipated retaliatory attack by the French after the battle at Jumonville, Glen. Washington’s relative lack of military experience proved critical as the fort was sited in a depression and was too close to the tree lines, a mistake  … Read more